In terms of archaeology, language, lifestyle, and religion there was little to set the Phoenicians apart as markedly different from other Semitic Canaanites. Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek origin of the ethnonym. Eblaite ca-na-na-um, ca-na-na) and its people as the knʿny.Around 1050 BC, a Phoenician alphabet was used for the writing of Phoenician. poenicus, later pūnicus), comes from Greek Φοίνικες (Phoínikes). In the Amarna tablets of the 14th century BC, people from the region called themselves Kenaani or Kinaani. But what they don’t find can be just as important—such as their failure to find coins anywhere in the world before the end of the 7th century B. In the Holy Land, coins are not found until about 100 years later. The Biblical historian writing at a later time, when coins were in use, assumed—incorrectly—that they were in use at an earlier period.This total absence of coins—despite extensive excavations—is an important datum in itself. There are several examples of this kind of anachronism in the Bible.In ancient times 6 shekels was a specific weight and the value was dependent upon what was being weighed in the scale!Weight stones were a standard weight system place in one side of the balance. I am Darius, the great king, king of kings, king of all nations, king of this earth, the son of Hystaspes, the Achaemenid.No coins have come down to us which can be identified as those of Aryandes. 231 ff.), there is no other satisfactory explanation of phenomena like the so-called ‘silversmith’s hoard’ from Naucratis, a find which contained fifteen archaic silver coins of various Greek cities together with 42 oz. And, failing fresh light from the papyri, it is hardly likely that we shall get much beyond them until the careful observation of finds enables the chronological succession of the coins to be more confidently determined; see J. Milne in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, 1908, pp. Besides, there is positive evidence to suggest that throughout the period of Persian dominion coined money as such was not current in Egypt at all.
Each city-state was a politically independent unit, and it is uncertain to what extent the Phoenicians viewed themselves as a single nationality.As such, coins can be used as an independent source for archaeological and historical research.This, however, requires an understanding of the dating system. 166) that Aryandes, who had been appointed satrap of Egypt by Cambyses, mortally offended Darius, son of Hystaspes, by issuing silver money which rivalled in purity the gold darics of the great king himself. The only known example (Æ) must owe its existence to quite exceptional circumstances:— , vols. Sums stated in Æ drachmae in the papyri are practically always multiples of five, from which it may be inferred that the smallest denomination struck was a five drachmae piece. If the story be true, it probably refers to ordinary Persian sigloi.  These conclusions conflict markedly with the views previously in vogue among metrologists and subsequently re- iterated by Hultsch apud Svoronos, , vol. Nevertheless they seem to be required by the evidence.